The royal walled medieval city dating back to 1486 AD lies on the northern
point of the triangle of desert cities. It was established by Prince Bika
Rathore and came to be called Bikaner after him. Bika was the eldest son of
the founder of the Jodhpur State - Rao Jodha. Bikaner was well protected from
its enemies by the harsh deserts. Bikaner was also a major trade center as
it stood on the ancient caravan route, which linked Central Asia and North
India with Gujarat seaports. It was thereafter a great center of trade in
the ancient world.
Bikaner stands on a slightly raised ground and is circumscribed by a seven
km long embattled wall with five gates. The magnificent forts and palaces,
created with delicacy in reddish-pink sandstone, bear testimony to its rich
historical and architectural legacy. Undulating lanes, colorful bazaars and
bright and cheerful folks make Bikaner and interesting place.
Places of Interest
» Junagarh Fort :
Started in 1587 AD this fort
has never been conquered. The foundation of the fort was laid by Raja Rai
Singh. Thirty - seven palaces, pavilions and temples were later added to the
original structure by successive rulers and each has been cleverly built to
connect with the previous buildings. Anup Mahal, Ganga Niwas Durbar Hall,
Har Mandir, Sheesh Mahal, Karan Mahal, Pool Mahal and Chandra Mahal are some
of the areas worth seeing. The museum in the fort houses valuable collection
of miniature paintings dating back to several centuries.
» Lalgarh Palace :
It was designed by Sir Swinton
Jacob for Maharaja Ganga Singh almost 90 years ago and has interesting combination
of European luxury and oriental fantasy. Important sights are Laxmi Vilas
and Shiv Vilas. Major part of the palace has now been turned into a luxury
» Ganga Golden Jubilee Museum :
The museum houses
brilliant specimens of Harappan civilization, the Gupta and Kushan era and
sculptures of the late classical time, besides a rich collection of terracotta
pottery, carpets, paintings, armoury and coins.
Excursions in Bikaner
» Bhandasar Jain Temple (5 Km) :
Temple of 16th century dedicated to 23rd Jain Tirthankara Parsvanathji.
» Camel Breeding Farm (8 Km) :
The only of its
kind I Asia managed by Central Governmen. Bikaner's Camel Corps (former Ganga
Risala) was a famous fighting force and still maintains its importance in
the desert warfare and defence through the Border Security Force.
» Devi Kund (9 Km) :
It is a royal crematorium
with several cenotaphs with decorative Chattris built in memory of the rulers
of the Bika dynasty.
» Deshnok's Karni Mata Temple (30 Km) :
devoted to Karni Mata, Offers a heaven to rats as they are believed to be
incarnated as future bards and considered to be sacred.
» Kalayatji (50 Km) :
Temple here dedicated to
Kapil muni and a site of fair and Kartik month.
How To Reach
Nearest Airport Jodhpur 243 kms
Bikaner is connected by rail with Delhi, Ahmedabad,
Jodhpur, Ambala and Jammu Tavi
Bikaner is connected by road with all cities
in the State.
RTDC Hotel Dhola Maru, Thar Hotel, Joshi Hotel, Sagar Hotel Deluxe
tents with attached baths at Royal Camp on Bikaner-Jaipur highway - for
reservations contact Bikaner