Information of Jaipur

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Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan state in west India. The second largest Indian state of Rajasthan is a land of contrasts – the Thar Desert, mountains, man- made and holy lakes, forests and jungles, impregnable fortresses and magnificent palaces, of warrior kings and princes, saints and mystics, Rajputs and Mughals. In common with other parts of India, Rajasthan has a wealth of royal residences and stately homes in the form of palaces (great and small), forts, hunting lodges or large estates.

Nahargarh Fort Jaipur Rajasthan

In Rajasthan you can literally live like a king (or queen) at the states 90 heritage properties castles, palaces, forts, and ornate havelis that are converted into hotels or just entertain paying guests.

The Pink City of Jaipur dates back in time, to the reign of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, of the great warrior astronomer King of the Kachhwaha Rajput clan. The city was designed by Sawai Jai Singh and his architect Vidyadhar Bhattacharya only because it became impossible to fit the growing population and supply them with good clean drinking water at Amber (which is about 11 kilometres from Jaipur), their home at that time.

It was in 1727 that Jaipur was founded using the principles of Shilpa Shastra and thus becoming the first planned city of India. The city follows grid system with wide straight roads, streets and lanes. One can find uniform rows of shops on either side of main roads. As a security measure from external aggression, the city was en-circled with a strong wall with seven gates. It’s thus impossible to get lost here.

The pink color was used at the time of creating the city to create an impression of red sandstone buildings similar to the Mughal cities. The city was later repainsted pink in 1876, during the visit of the Prince of Wales

What to see

City Palace or Sawai Jai Singh's Chandra Mahal (Moon Palace)
A delightful blend of Mughal and traditional Rajasthani architecture, the City Palace sprawls over one-seventh of the area in the walled city. It houses the Chandra Mahal, Shri Govind Dev Temple and the City Palace Museum.

The City Palace is a historic landmark. The carved arches are supported by grey-white marble columns studded with floral motifs in gold and coloured stones. Two elephants carved in marble guard the entrance, where retainers whose families have served generations of rulers are at hand to serve as guides.

The palace interior houses a Museum containing select collection of various types of Rajasthani dresses, a fascinating armoury of Mughal and Rajput weapons; swords of all shapes and sizes, with chased handles, some of them inlaid, enamelled, encrusted with jewels and encased in bold and magnificent scabbards.

It also has an art gallery with a fine collection of paintings, carpets, royal paraphernalia and rare astronomical works in Arabic, Persian, Latin and Sanskrit, acquired by Sawai Jai Singh-II for his study of planets and their movements. Open: 9.30 am to 5pm.

The Maharani's Palace
Strangely enough the palace of the Queen, now houses the huge display of the Rajput weaponry. And amongst the hundreds of weapons on display here, is one of the most remarkable and deadly piece -- the scissor-action dagger. A fine piece of mechanics: the weapon when thrust into the body, spreads its blades, tearing away the insides completely at the time of being pulled out of the body. A gruesome weapon to use. The armory collection is certainly not for the weak hearted.
The other interesting parts of the Queens Palace are the walls and ceilings with frescoes and gold inlayed art.

Vidhansabha Jaipur Rajasthan

As you go further you come to the Diwan- E- Am, which used to be the hall for public audience. This is now a vibrant art gallery showcasing the best Hindu art like precious and ancient hand written Hindu manuscripts, delicate miniature paintings in Rajasthani, Mughal and Persian schools on various themes including the Ramayana and Mahabarata. The palace has well maintained gardens all along, complete with a full range of fountains and well laid out pathways. The palace is open for visitors from 9.30 am to 5.30pm daily.

Jal Mahal
Also known as Water Palace, built in the mid 18th century by Madho Singh I The Palace was developed as a pleasure spot and was used for the royal duck shooting parties. A causeway leads to Jal Mahal Palace situated in the middle of Man Sagar Lake, opposite the cenotaphs.

Jantar Mantar
Next to city palace
The early-18th-century Jantar Mantar, a stone observatory is the largest and best preserved of the five observatories built by astronomer prince Jai Singh II in different parts of the country. This observatory consisting of outsized astronomical instruments is still in use. .

The stone and marble instruments whose settings and shapes are precisely and scientifically designed represent the high points of Medieval Indian astronomy. The Ram Yantras used for gauging altitudes are unique in their isolation. this is the largest of the five observatories founded by Sawai Jai Singh-II in various parts of the country.

Hawa Mahal
The ornamental facade of this "Palace of Winds" is a prominent landmark in Jaipur. The five-storey structure of sandstone is plastered pink, encrusted with fine trelliswork and elaborates balconies. The palace has 953 niches and windows. Built in 1799 by Pratap Singh, the Mahal was a royal grandstand for the palace women.

It was conceived to provide adequate vantage position behind delicate stone carved jali screens to the palace women for watching the royal processions passing through the bazaar below.

Statue Circle
This is a traffic roundabout In Jaipur. The Statue Circle is not only the most famed circle, but also the most crowded. It is the favorite lounge of Jaipur and a place for evening out, with 'Meals on Wheels' standing by. Strangely it acquires its name of Statue Circle after its figurine rather -- the statue of Sawai Jai Singh the founder of modern day Jaipur who stands there holding out astrological diJaipurms to exemplify his proclivity for astrology. The lighting and the colorful fountains cheer up the roundabout and its surrounds. You do not have to make a special visit to this circle, you will pass this circle almost everyday!

Amber Fort Palace
Amber is the classic romantic Rajasthani fort palace. Its construction was started by Man Singh I in 1592, and completed by his descendent Jai Singh I. Its forbidding exterior belies an inner paradise where a beautiful fusion of Mughal and Hindu styles finds it's ultimate expression.

Amber Fort Jaipur Rajasthan

Amer Fort
Amber (Amer) is situated about 11 kilometers from Jaipur and was the seat of the ruling Kachhawa kings, before they created Jaipur. The Amber Fort itself is a fascinating blend of Hindu and Mughal architecture made in red sandstone and white marble. The interior wall of the palace abounds in paintings, carvings and mirror settings. Make sure you visit the Maota Lake just outside the fort, it has a breathtaking view. The Jai Mandir is here too, go there to check out the famous Sheesh Mahal, the intricacies of the inlaid panel and dazzling mirror ceilings are worth the visit. Your trip here would be even more exciting if you can catch a ray of light playing magic in these rooms. A good time to go here is early mornings.

Jaigarh Fort
The western skyline is dominated by the extensive parkotas (walls), watch-towers and gateways of jaigarh. It is one of the few military structures of mediaeval India preserved almost intact containing palaces, gardens, open and covered reservoirs, a granary, an armoury, a well-planned cannon foundry, several temples, a tall tower and a giant mounted cannon-the Jai Ban - the largest in the country.

Nahargarh Fort
Nahargarh Fort (meaning abode of the tigers) overlooks the city and presents a glittering view of the city lights by dusk. The fort has a unique cluster of 12 identical suits for queens with a suit for the king himself at the head. During the peaceful days, the fort used to be an excursion point for the royal family. The fort retains some delicate frescoes too, guess where they’re placed -- in the toilets. It’s believed that the royalty picnicked here, well now you can too.

Albert Hall –Museum
This combined English and North Indian architecture building is very well maintained. It has a good collection of paintings, carpet, ivory, stone and metal sculptures and colourful crystal works on display.

The final resting place befitting the Kings. That is Gaitore about 6kms, off the Jaipur-Amber road. Situated in a narrow valley the cenotaphs of the former Maharajas are chhatris made in typical Rajput architecture. The chhatri of Sawai Jai Singh II is a work of art with its typical Rajput architecture.

Sisodia Rani ka Bagh (8 kms away on Jaipur-Jaipur Road )
The garden is laid in Mughal style depicts the legends of Radha and Krishna. It consists of tiered multi-level gardens with fountains, watercourses and painted pavilions. The palace house has several galleries, pavilions and beautiful murals depicting scenes from the life of lord Krishna.

Kanak Vrindavan
This garden is best visited in the monsoons when it is back to its clean green glory. Kanak Vrindavan is an exquisitely landscaped garden with beautifully carved temple in beige stone, with terrace sites all around and intricately carved marble columns and lattices. This complex is a popular spot for picnic and more often than not parts of the garden will be cordoned off due to film shoots.

Sanganer (12 km on Tonk Road)
It has beautiful Jain temples and important craft industries besides the ruined monuments. Large and small units of block and screen printers produce some of the finest hand printed textiles in the country.

Bagru (35 km south west on Ajmer road)
The ground level fort is still in good shape. Its main attraction is hand printed cloth industry. The designs are simpler here, the techniques less complicated and the colours are of earthy shades.

Ramgarh Lake (32 km north-east)
It is famous for its huge artificial lake created by constructing a high bund amidst tree covered hills. The temple of Jamwa Mata and some ruins of the old fort can also be seen.

Samod (40 km north-west)
The old palace renovated and rebuilt provides the most gorgeously decorated and painted examples of Rajput haveli architecture.

Bairath (86 km on the Shahpura-Alwar road )
The excavated remains of a circular Buddhist temple, unique in Rajasthan and the earliest structural temple in India, make it an important historical place. It also has monuments of Mughal and Rajput periods. Emperor Akabar constructed mint and his son Jahangir created a beautiful Mughal garden and a remarkable monument with painted chatris and walls here are of significance.

Sambhar (94 km west )
It is the country's largest inland salt lake. Sambhar lake known for the illusion ( mirage ) it gives at noon times. It also has holy Devayani tank, beautiful Shakambhari Devi temple and a palace.

Ranthambhore National Park
At eastern edge of the Thar Desert ,145km from Jaipur. The park stretches across an area of 404 sq km and is one of the last sanctuaries of the big cat, the Royal Bengal Tiger. Tigers, panthers, wild cats, hyena, jackal, marsh crocodiles, wild boar, bears, many species of deer and a rich birdlife of over 300 species, including the great Indian horned owl are other species spotted here.

Sariska Tiger Reserve (100 km from Jaipur)
This has dry deciduous forests, sheer cliffs and a rocky landscape interspersed with the ruins of medieval buildings providing an appropriate setting for many animals especially the majestic Royal Bengal tiger. Apart from the tiger, a variety of deer including herds of sambar, chital, nilgai, four-horned antelope, wild boar, hyena and jungle cats are found in the park. The best time to visit the park is between February and June.

Located 96 kms away from Jaipur this quiet town, was ruled by the Pathan tribe from Afghanistan. Constructed around the Suneri Kothi (Golden Bungalow), this town still retains a bit of Arabic and Persian art. It is a place to pick up a good bargain in leather goods.

The cenotaphs of the royal family are at Gaitor, just outside the city walls. The cenotaph of Maharaja Jai Singh II is particularly impressive. The cenotaphs of the maharanis of Jaipur are on Ambr road, midway between Jaipur and Amber. Nearby is the Jal Mahal (water Palace), in the middle of the lake and reached by a causeway.

The temple of the sun god at Galta is 100m above Jaipur to the east, a 2.5km climb from Surajpol. A deep, temple-studded gorge stands behind the temple and there are good views over the surrounding plains.

Chokhi Dhani
Near Jaipur airport

Chokhi Dhani, an ethnic village resort with a blend of rustic environment and modern amenities makes it your favorite destination in Pink City. Chokhi Dhani Resort literally meaning the "Fine Hamlet" is a 5 star Ethnic resort, the only one of its kind in the country. With quaint mud and thatch dwellings set in sprawling acreage of land, it serves ethnic Rajasthani vegetarian cuisine. Traditional folk performance is organised alongside.

Dining Out
The deluxe hotels in Jaipur have elegant restaurants, bars and cafes that serve an eclectic mixture of Indian, Asian and European cuisines in a beautiful ambience. The Mirza Ismail Road is the main thoroughfare that has a number of mid range eating places which serve good food in clean surroundings. For really inexpensive food, especially if you are not too particular about the general hygiene and cleanliness, try the Station Road with its many ‘dhabas’ or small roadside restaurants.

Most hotels organize theme evenings especially during the tourist season and these can be rather charming. Otherwise, entertainment options are limited to cinema houses that screen the latest Hindi movies and Hollywood blockbusters or the occasional cultural performances.

The Polo Bar
Decorated with polo trophies won by the late Maharaja of Jaipur, it is rated amongst the finest bars in the world.

Steam, at the same hotel is located in a very unique setting of a steam engine. It is Jaipur's first and original "pub on wheels". is a popular watering hole. Rambagh Palace hotel, Bhawani Singh Road,

The hotel pub delights you with a wide range of delectable dishes and wines on its menu.
The Park Plaza Hotel, Prithviraj Road

Apna Gaon
Serves authentic local cuisine amidst recreated village atmosphere. Entertainment here comes from puppet shows and folk dances. Most delicacies served here are made from vegetables grown on the same farm. Jaipur Sikar Road.

Jaipur is a treasure trove of shopping. It is a major gems and jewellery centre. Marble statues, woolen carpets, hand printed Sanganeri and Bagru cotton fabrics, brassware, blue pottery made from crushed quartz, leather footwearand cotton rugs make popular local merchandise here.

M.I.Road has many upmarket handicraft stores. Johri bazaar (jeweller's market), near Hawa Mahal has some of the best trinkets, enamel jewellery and uncut precious stones. Shops at Chhoti Chaupar sell traditional skirts, bags, turbans, light quilts, carpets, embroidered shoes (jootis) and other objects. Artisans at work can be seen at many places in the city.

One can buy Jaipur's famous blue pottery at Kripal Singh Shekhawat's studio that has revived the tradition of blue pottery, on Shiv Marg in BaniPark area.

Markets are generally open from 10:30 am till 5:30 pm and are closed on Sundays. Rajasthan Cottage Industries at Shilpgram Complex, GolomarGarden sells a wide range of silver jewellery, furniture, textiles and hand made paper.


Jaipur has extreme climates. The temperatures soar to as high as 47 degree Celsius during the summer and fall to about 4 degree Celsius during the winter. The ideal time to plan a trip to Jaipur would be between October and April.

Tourist Offices
Rajasthan Tourism department’s offices (RTDC) are located in the Paryatan Bhavan, on the main thoroughfare Mirza Ismail Road, Tel# 376362. RTDC has counters at the railway station and bus station as well. The Government of India’s tourist office is in the Hotel Khasa Kothi, Tel# 315461.

How to get there
The Sanganer Airport is 12 km out of the city. It is well connected to all major cities in the country. There are regular flights to Mumbai, Udaipur, Kolkatta and New Delhi from here. On the international route there is a flight to Dubai daily.

The railway station, is situated in the heart of the city and has trains chugging out to all major cities like Mumbai, New Delhi, Chennai and Kolkatta. The Palace on Wheels is the best option to travel to this royal city. It would an expensive trip, but the experience on the train makes it all worth it.

Jaipur is linked by the National Highways 8 and 11. The national highway number 8 links Jaipur directly to New Delhi and 11 links Jaipur to Jaipur. There are regular bus services to Jaipur (230 km) and Delhi (261 km). The journey is quite decent by road saving a few bad patches. And there’s some awesome food on the way too, stop at any of the dhaba’s and get your first bite of dhal-bhatti and puran poli

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