Summary : Jaipur known as the Pink City, the capital of Rajasthan, India.
Jaipur known as the Pink City, the capital of Rajasthan, India. Jaipur is a land of natural beauty and great history of travel destinations.Surrounded on three sides by the rugged Aravali hills, Jaipur is the picturesque capital of Rajasthan. It takes its name from the prince, soldier and astronomer Jai Singh II, who moved his capital here in 1727. The old capital, Amber (or Amer), had, long been a stronghold of Rajput power, but had become too cramped at its mounta site. Although it had been attacked by various rulers of Delhi the Kachhwaha rule were secure in the Jaigarh fort. When the Mughals arrived Maharajah Mansingh (t then ruler of Amber) guaranteed the safety of his kingdom on becoming a gene) and minister in Akbar’s court and by giving his sister to the Emperor in marriage With his new position and wealth Man Singh built the imposing fort-palace of Anil below the earlier fort. But the Kachhwahas of Amber were seen by other Rajput as having sold out, a blot on her record which transferred to Jaipur, and which time has not erased.
Jai Singh built Jaipur as a planned city. It is divided into seven rectangular bloc built on a grid of nine squares as detailed in the Shilpa Shasta, an ancient Hindu architectural treatise. The broad well-laid-out main streets (33.8 m: 110 ft wide) cut the side lanes at sharp right-angles. The entire city is encircled by fortified, crenellated walls, and guarded by seven gates.
An attraction of Jaipur is its distinctive pink-orange colouring. The whole of the old city, including many fine palaces and buildings, was constructed from solid blocks of sandstone or faced with the same stone. But it was only in 1853, when Prince Albert visited and the city was painted pink for the first time that it gained , its famous title of the ‘Pink City’. The soft glow of its buildings and monuments, most magical at sunset, have fascinated visitors for over two centuries.
Jaipur is the real gateway to Rajasthan. Though a very busy, commercial capital, the underlying Rajput spirit stubbornly lives on. The traditional dress, decoration and colour can be seen everywhere—the station porters in bright red turbans and jackets, the veiled women in loose-flowing robes of red, orange and yellow, the tiny khol-eyed infants in swaddling clothes of rich, embroidered silk. Inside the old city, them atmosphere is electric—a bustling, jolly round of ringing bicycle bells, teeming traffic, itinerant sacred cows, busy bazaars and tourist-hungry rickshaws. Situated on the plains, Jaipur gets pretty hot. Coolest from October to February, busiest and most popular from January to March, it remains pleasant to mid-April (nDot too hot but less crowded). Two important dates for your diary are the Elephant Festival just before Holi in March and the spring festival of Gangaur in March/April which culminates on the 17th day after Holi when the Goddess Gauri (Parvati) is ‘paraded from the City Palace and through the city streets. The Teej festival during early August is an important festival for local women and celebrates the monsoon.
Air Indian Airlines has daily flights between Jaipur and Ahmedabad (Rs1083), Aurangabad (Rs1221), Bombay (Rs1848), Delhi (Rs646), Jodhpur (Rs767), and Udaipur (16767). Flights to Agra operate during the winter months. There is also a flight to wad from Calcutta via Varanasi.
In August 1992 East West Airlines started a daily Boeing 737 service between Bombay and Jaipur each evening (flight no 4S 767/8). The Jaipur office tel 512961. jaipur airport is a long 14 km (8 3/4 miles) out of town—Rs20 by airport bus, Rs90 by taxi.
Rail There daily trains between Jaipur and Agra and Delhi, and to Jodhpur (7 hours). From From DDelhi the Pink City Express leaves Delhi Station (Old Delhi) at 6 am reaching Jaipur at I 11:05 am. The return departs Jaipur at 5 pm arriving in Delhi at 10.10 pm. The Pink continues to Ahmedabad via Ajmer, Jodhpur and Abu Road. The Clzetak Express to jaipur,- also stops at Jaipur and Ajmer. There are numerous other trains, many of them or, throughout the day and night. The 22dn Superfast Express departs from Agra fort lion at 5 pm, arriving in Jaipur at 10 pm. It returns from Jaipur at 6.10 am daily. Vance-booking is necessary in both directions—this is a popular train.
Road Deluxe buses link Jaipur with Delhi (5 hours, 259 km: 162 miles), Agra (5 hourskin. 148 miles), Udaipur (9 hours), Jaisalmer (14 hours), Jodhpur (7 hours), Ajmer (regular service, 21/2 hours) and Kotah. These must be booked a day in advanc , at the Tourist Information Booth, Platform 3, Sindhi Camp bus-stand, Jaipur. Cheaper , slower express buses are bookable from Ashok Travels, next to 1TDC Tourist Of:ice. Traffic along the main Delhi-Jaipur highway and on to Ajmer is becoming iheneanvcy r anredao thsue ijonturegnel.yys are often delayed by truck acidents
CONTINUATIONS From Jaipur, you can join the Rajasthan circuit either at Ajmer (by bus or train) or at Jodhpur (by bus 7 hours; by train 10 hours; or by 1C491/493 daily flights).
WHAT TO SEE
Jaipur is divided into the ‘old’ city, with its many sights enclosed behind high pink-sandstone walls; and the modern commercial ‘new’ city (many hotels, bus .nd rail stations, the tourist office) which has grown up to the south. Most visitors tay in the new town—it’s much quieter and far less humid. Cycles are a good wa of getting round (Jaipur has some of India’s best paved roads) and can be hired for 10-15 per day from many places, including the rank outside the rail stat on. Auto-rickshaws don’t have meters. You’ll have to bargain hard for a fair fare, and as often as not, you’ll end up at a gem or carpet shop instead of your required destination. Taxis have meters, but rarely use them. Cycle-rickshaws are cheap (around Rsl /50km) and slow, and their drivers talk business constantly. Local buses , if you can handle them, are far less trouble. They are especially useful for visiting Amber Fort. Cars can be hired from most hotels at fixed rates for half or a full day.
To cover the main sights, and fit in some shopping, you’ll need two full day in Jaipur. Plus an extra day to recover. Sightseeing is most comfortable by RTDc’s morning conducted tour, but does not include the Central Museum which is cloned on Friday. Full-day tours are very tiring, not recommended. Both RTDC and 1T )C tours start from the rail station, and pick up from Teej and Gangaur Tourist Bungalows.